Most people suffer from arthritis. It affects the bones and their density. People feel extreme pain when arthritis affects their hip bones. Initial, doctors will recommend non-steroidal painkillers for patients. They may also prescribe steroid injections. Patients who fail to respond to injections and tablets will be referred to hip arthroplasty, also known as hip replacement surgery.
What’s hip arthroplasty?
This is also known as hip replacement surgery. This procedure is used to treat severe hip pain. Artificial implants are used to replace the hip joints. The ball and socket joints form the human hip joints. The socket-shaped hip bone and the top of the femur bone are the ball-like structures. These bones together support the movement of the hip, human actions such as walking and running, and also help to balance the body’s weight.
These joints can become stiffened or damaged from severe osteoarthritis or an injury. This is when surgery may be necessary. One or both of the hips may be replaced with artificial parts in this type of surgery. The surgery’s goal is to allow you to return to your normal activities while feeling less pain.
Who should have hip replacement?
Unbearable pain is the reason that most osteoarthritis patients have replacement surgery. Patients with hip fractures, rheumatoid, hip dysplasia, hip osteonecrosis and patients suffering from tumours in their hip joints are encouraged to have it. Hip dysplasia will prevent proper development of the hip joints.
Many thousands of people have hip replacements each year to live with less pain, better mobility, and a better standard of living.
Who shouldn’t have hip replacement surgery?
Some factors might prevent patients from having surgery. These factors include:
- Chronic urinary infections, infection from the implanted material, uncontrolled blood pressure, severe cardiovascular disease
Types and types of hip replacement surgery
Many factors will determine the type of hip replacement surgery you choose. These are the points your doctor will take into consideration when planning for surgery:
- Total and partial replacement of the hip
Total hip replacement surgery involves the replacement of the patient’s socket and ball. A partial hip replacement will only replace the ball (femurhead) of the patient. The surgeon will examine the components of the surgery in this type of procedure.
- Minimally Invasive Arthroplasty
The surgeon focuses completely on minimizing the impact of surgery on healthy tissues. The surgeon will make a few small incisions to reach the hip joint using only one or two muscles. This approach has many advantages:
Less muscle injury, less pain, quicker recovery, less limping and fewer chances for hip dislocation. Minimum days in hospital
Only the patient’s weight, age, health, and other factors will determine if arthroplasty is a good option.
- Traditional hip replacement
Traditional arthroplasty involves a single incision to access the hip joint via a lateral or posterior approach. The procedure involves a lot of incisions. The risk of dislocation is high until the hip’s new support structures are fully healed.
The patient should discuss with his surgeon the type of surgery that is best for him.
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What complications can arthroplasty cause?
You may experience a lower rate of complications after hip replacement surgery. You might experience the following:
- Infection: This can occur at the surgical site. It will be treated using antibiotics.
- After surgery, blood clots can form in the leg veins. This dangerous effect can be avoided by blood thinners.
- Nerve damage: It is rare that nerves can be damaged in an implanted region. It can cause weakness, pain, or numbness.
- Fracture: During surgery, some healthy hip joints might break. Sometimes, the fractures are small enough to be treated at home. Other times they require stabilization.
When is a revision hip surgery necessary?
After years of surgery, very few patients experience discomfort. It could be a dislocation, injury to the implanted area, or rare cases of infection. Revision hip replacement surgery will be required in these cases to replace any damaged implants. Patients can reduce the risk of injury to their prostheses by not engaging in high-impact activities. Most cases last between 20-25 years. A patient who has a partially-replaced hip feels discomfort, it may be necessary to replace the socket.
The hip arthroplasty procedure is designed to allow the patient to walk and do daily activities without pain. The procedure involves replacing the damaged bone with a supportive artificial one. The recovery process is lengthy and requires that the patient follow the safety precautions as advised by the surgeon to ensure proper healing. Modern prosthetics are more durable than those used in previous surgeries, but eventually there will be a need for revision surgery. It is recommended that you consult with professionals before making any decisions.